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LAW 676C - International Humanitarian Law Clinic (Prof. Blank, Spring 2017)   Tags: counterterrorism, human rights, humanitarian law, international criminal law, international law, national security, treaties  

Last Updated: Jan 26, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

International Humanitarian Law Print Page

International Humanitarian Law

Poster from the Library of Congress World War I collection


Treaties and Conventions

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) International Humanitarian Law Treaties and Documents: Find treaties and documents by topic, date or country. Text of the 1949 Geneva conventions and protocols with member state information.

ICRC International Humanitarian Law Database: Includes the Geneva and other humanitarian law treaties, commentaries, full-text of reservations, implementation data, and tables of parties to treaties.

University of Minnesota Frequently-cited Treaties guide: By topic, including criminal law and human rights, with citation format and links to EISIL for free sources and (UMN's) Hein Online links.

Hein Online United Nations Treaty Search. Includes the UN Treaty Series and League of Nations Treaty Series. Find treaties by citation, or search by countries, popular names, date, text, subject areas. Links from the treaty document entries to law review articles in Hein citing the treaty.

Hein Online United States Treaties and Agreements.  Includes US. Treaties and Other International Agreements (UST), Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS), International Legal Materials (ILM), and Senate Treaty Documents. Search by treaty number or citation, country, date, related treaty, subject, or keyword. 

UN Treaties Collection: Text and status of United Nations treaties. Includes the UNTS, recently deposited treaties, and status of treaties. Multilateral and bilateral treaties are deposited with the UN Secretary-General, including but not limited to UN treaties. Search for treaties in the UN Treaty Series database, or use Status of Multilateral Treaties to find UN multilateral treaties by category including human rights, refugees, and penal matters.

UN Audiovisual Library of International Law: Research Library: Links to treaty collections of the United Nations, member states, and other entities. Historic archives with major treaties by topic, with introductory articles, procedural history with document links, and treaty texts.


International Humanitarian Law

International Humanitarian Law (Law of Armed Conflict) Sourcebook: KZ6462 .I58 2014. A collection of primary documents on international humanitarian law.

International Humanitarian Law: Answers to Your QuestionsAn introduction to international humanitarian law from the International Committee of the Red Cross

How Does Law Protect in War?: Online casebook from the ICRC, with introductions to the themes of IHL, practice case studies by topic, region, and document type, IHL courses, and an A to Z annotated glossary with links to documents and cases.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) International Humanitarian Law Treaties and Documents: Find treaties and documents by topic, date or country. Text of the 1949 Geneva conventions and protocols with member state information.

International Humanitarian Law National Implementation database: National caselaw and laws and regulations implementing the treaties.

ICRC Resource Centre: Search publications or find by issue or category.  The database includes reports, articles, guides, and annual reports related to international humanitarian law.

ICRC Customary International Humanitarian Law: Analysis of the customary rules of international humanitarian law. Customary practice rules by chapter, rule, or country, with treaty articles, national military manuals, and summaries of state practice from legislation, caselaw, and official statements. Online version of the treatise Customary International Humanitarian Law, available at KZ6471 .C875 2005 and for download of the PDF. 

ICRC Library's International Humanitarian Law Bibliography: Compiles references in new publications by topic (protection of persons, weapons, international criminal law) and includes links to full-text articles and reports. Note that it's not cumulative; check all recent issues for new publications on your topic.



Customary International Law

According to the Restatement of the Law Third, Foreign Relations of the United States, Sec. 102(2) (1987), customary international law results from a general and consistent practice of states followed by them from a sense of legal obligation."  Evidence of customary rules of international law may be found in treaties, national law, international and national jurisprudence, and scholarly writings. Other sources include the practices of individual states and widely ratified treaties as evidence of the customs and practices of states.

Resources for Customary International Law include: 

  • ICRC Customary International Humanitarian Law database has the rules of customary international humanitarian law, and national practice for the rules of customary international humanitarian law. With each rule find a summary of the rule and discussion with citations to treaties, cases, and military manuals.
  • International Committee of the Red Cross, Customary International Humanitarian Law, KZ6471 .C875 2005 and Cambridge Online
  • Restatement of the Law, Third, Foreign Relations Law of the United States discusses US practice and policy on foreign relations law and includes statements on customary international law. Available on Range 301 in the MacMillan Law Library and online through Hein Online ALI LibraryWestlaw, and Lexis.
  • Sources of State Practice in International Law, 2d ed, KZ 64 .S67 2014. Chapters by country describing treaty practice and listing treaty collections and sources, as well as sources of diplomatic records.
  • Treatises and journal articles on international law include citable statements of custom and practice, especially international law classics and noted authors:


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